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Journal of Graphics ›› 2023, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 26-32.DOI: 10.11996/JG.j.2095-302X.2023010026

• Image Processing and Computer Vision • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on lightweight forest fire detection algorithm based on YOLOv5s 


  1. Institute of Traffic Engineering, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300 China
  • Online:2023-02-28 Published:2023-02-16


A new algorithm for light-weight forest fire object detection was proposed based on YOLOv5s to address the low accuracy, poor flexibility, and high software and hardware limitations of the previous UAV-embedded equipment for forest fire inspection. The proposed algorithm replaced the backbone of YOLOv5s with the light-weight network Shufflenetv2, employed the idea of channel recombination to improve the speed of the backbone network in picture information extraction, and maintained both high accuracy and fast detection speed. Then, a coordinate attention (CA) positional attention module specially designed for light-weight network was added to the connection between Backbone and Neck, which could aggregate different position information of pictures into the channel, thus improving the attention of the detected object. Finally, the CIOU loss function was utilized in the prediction part to better optimize the ratio of length to width of the rectangular frame and accelerate the model convergence. The results of the algorithm deployed on Jetson Xavier NX show that compared with the Faster-RCNN, SSD, YOLOv4, and YOLOv5s experimental methods, the improved network model size was reduced by up to 98%, increasing the precision to 92.6%, accuracy rate to 95.3%, and FPS to 132 frames/s. It can effectively achieve the real-time prevention and detection of forest fire in daylight, darkness, or good visibility, exhibiting good accuracy and robustness.

Key words: object detection, YOLOv5s, light-weight, positional attention module, forest fire detection

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